About Us


An undertaking of the Patna Jesuit Society, the institute initially named as ‘Arrupe Centre for Research and Documentation’,  had a humble beginning in 1994 and was located in the premises of St. Xavier’s School, Gandhi Maidan Marg. In 2000 it was re-located at Prabhat Prakashn campus at Digha Ghat, with a new name ‘Disha-Centre for Research and Documentation’. The institute was further re-christened as ‘Bihar Social Institute’ and became fully functional research centre  in 2000. In 2007, the name Bihar Social Institute was changed  to Xavier Institute of Social Research (XISR) and was registered under the Society’s Registration Act.

Patron of the Institute

St. Francis Xavier
(St. Francis Xavier)

Named after the 16th century Spanish Jesuit missionary who came to India, Saint Francis Xavier, Xavier Institute of Social Research, like its well-known sister institutes all over the world and India, takes inspiration from Saint Xavier and tries to translate its nominal identity after the saint who tried to bring glory to God through noble works of charity and enlightenment of human beings, in order to create a better world. St. Xavier was one of the first members of the Society of Jesus, founded by St. Ignatius Loyola, 1491-1556).

St. Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556)

Inspiration from Arrupe

Father Pedro Arrupe
(Father Pedro Arrupe)

The institute’s activities and programmes are immediately inspired by another great personality of the 20th century, Father Pedro Arrupe (1907-91), who as the Superior General of the world-wide Jesuit Society envisioned a justice-oriented world where the poor, the refugees and the marginaslised would have a space of them own. Remembering this modern saint, XISR has been regularly conducting Memorial Lectures in his honour.

Aims & Objectives

XISR aims at creating an interface between scholars, academics and social activists and initiating a process of social awakening through critical reflection and alternative discourse thereby contributing to strengthening people’s struggles towards creating a just and more humane social order. Bihar, which has a rich culture and tradition, has been neglected over the centuries.  Our endeavour is to study Bihar and its richness with a view to highlighting the positive aspects and also point out the hurdles in the way of greater development.

Xavier Institute of Social Research (XISR) is a Society established to perform works of charity: social, moral, economic, educational, environmental, health, developmental and spiritual.  Without prejudice to the generality of the above, some of the main aims and objectives of the Society are as follows:

  • To network and collaborate with like-minded associations, non-governmental and governmental organisations and international organisations in pursuance of the aims and objectives of the Society.
  • To disseminate information and knowledge by publishing books, magazines, periodicals, booklets, pamphlets, handbills, etc., and to develop audio-video materials to further the objectives of the Society.
  • To conduct, organise, support, and participate in conferences, seminars, workshops, meetings, training programmes and campaigns at the local, national and international levels.

A primary focus of our intellectual and advocacy work will be to contribute towards greater understanding of the subaltern communities in Bihar.  We would undertake primary studies on each of these communities and bring out monographs on them.  This would be one way of enabling them to become aware of their human dignity and rights, and understand their identity and history.

Four Fold Strategy of XISR

  1. Awareness Creation: Create awareness among the rural masses, marginalized communities, etc.
  2. Empowerment: Understand the fundamental the issues that affect the marginalized communities and in collaborates with other towards their empowerment.
  3. Alliance and Networking: Being a resource centre, XISR collaborates with other  social centres XISR collaborates with other social centres that work for the education and the empowernment of the marzinalised communities.
  4. Social Advocacy: Through field based studies, documentation and data collection, XISR attempts to advocate the cause of the most marginalized segment of the population in partnership with others.

Area of Operation

XISR’s area of operation is focused on Bihar, which has a rich cultural and historical heritage. However, in terms of human development index, Bihar is one of the backward states. Though some development index, Biharis one of the backward states. Though some development has been occuring over the years, it is not to the expected level. Bihar is blessed with rich natural resources like fertile land and eight major rivers. Agriculture is the mainstay of its population. But it is stepped in underdevelopment, inadequate educational institutions and employment opportunities, lack of industry, poverty, violence, and labour migration. XISR wants to understand the social transformation that is taking place in Bihar and would like to be part of a developing Bihar, by facilitating to re-discover its riches and animate its resourcefulness in collaboration with others through a process of action oriented research combined with directed action.

Major Areas of Concern

Opportunities for quality and affordable education; gainful employment in agriculture to other sectors; alternative livelihood opportunities; food security of Dalits, Tribals, minorities and backward castes; environment and ecological concerns; participation in people’s governance; gender sensitivity and Justice; democracy; good governance and human rights.

Major Activities Include

  • Undertake field based research
  • Organise seminars and workshops
  • Documentation and publication
  • Organise campaigns and advocacy (eShram Card Caimpaigning)
  • Network with other organisations, etc

Translating the Vision

XISR was conceived by the Patna Jesuit Society as a state resource centre for voluntary sector, NGOs, people’s movements and for those engaged in similar activities and organizational work. The Institute has been functioning as a supportive centre for all those individuals, groups, organizations and communities engaged in social development, alternative forms of development, people’s participation and mobilization. In its endeavour to be part of the people’s struggle for a just and human society the institute follows a three-fold strategy.

  1. Empowerment

As a centre for research, training, development and action, the institute intends to make studied information available for empowering the marginalized section of society.  The Institute continues to develop a database on human rights with special focus on Bihar and also other aspects of development, impact of globalization, liberalization policies and programmes, the agrarian scene, the lives of the marginalised communities. Through information dissemination the Institute strives to assist social activists in the conceptualisation of the present situation through constant interaction with and through a pedagogy of experience-action-reflection with the people and workers at the grassroots level, support groups like intellectuals, journalists, policy makers and civil administrators so that it would laison between these groups and the people at the grassroots.


  1. Alliance and Networking

The Institute has been making a humble attempt to alliance itself as a supportive resource centre with the people’s movements specially of the Dalits, Tribals, women, the most backward castes and the minorities. The Institute would try to network with like minded individuals and organizations to take up the cause of the common masses cutting across the barriers of caste, creed, class, region and religion. It has also tried to enhance the possibilities of networking with various organisations of the voluntary sector for alternative forms of development.


  1. Social Advocacy

Social advocacy programmes at the local level, regional, national and international levels are intended to enhance people’s resources and to making them aware of their rigthts. Since the common citizens are engaged in their day to day struggle for ensuring the basic needs of theirs as well as of their families, they are not in a position to review or critique the policies and programmes of the administration which are often taken without taking their voices into considereation. However, these policies and programmes have lasting impact on their lives. Hence, the Institute with like minded groups and organisations tries to review, monitor, campaign and lobby for changes in national and international policies in favour of the vulnerable communities.

Major Areas of Concern

  • Livelihood Security of Dalits, Tribals and other marginslised people
  • Human Rights
  • Gender Rights
  • Environment and Ecology
  • Fundamentalism and Communalism
  • Good Governance and Democracy
  • Education and development

List of Governing Body Members

List of General Body Members